In a refugee response the lead coordination agency is UNHCR. UNHCR, in consultation with partners, will determine the need for and scope of sectorial coordination.
Sectors are intended to connect to government-led, area-based development mechanisms where possible, and to come together at operational coordination meetings. The number of sectors should be as few as possible and should seek a solutions and self-reliance orientation from inception. There may be different configurations at capital and field levels depending upon the context.
Although the specific context/situation will determine which sectors are established, provision should be made for: Education; WASH; Health/Nutrition; Shelter/NFIs; Food/Food Security and Livelihoods/Self Reliance. The Refugee Protection Working Group will be established in all situations, led by UNHCR, or co-led with the relevant host government entity, where feasible. The sectors and Refugee Protection Working Group are brought together in a multi-sector approach by the UNHCR Refugee Coordinator, supported by the multi-sector operations team. Regular meetings will be held to ensure that the multi-sector approach is coordinated and delivered smoothly.
Sectors may be coordinated by government ministries when feasible. If the ministry is not the coordinator, UNHCR and partners will coordinate or co-coordinate the sector based on established criteria. Coordination will be decentralized and based in the specific geographic areas where refugees or other persons of concern are residing.