The Operational Peer Review (OPR) is an internal, inter-agency management tool utilized within 90 days of the declaration of a level 3 emergency. It is forward looking, helping Humanitarian Coordinators (HCs) and Humanitarian Country Teams (HCTs) determine whether they need to adjust or improve the collective humanitarian response in order to meet its objectives or reduce gaps. Generally, the review focuses on four areas:
- leadership arrangements;
- implementation of the other elements of the humanitarian programme cycle, namely coordinated assessments, strategic response planning, resource mobilization, implementation and monitoring;
- coordination mechanisms;
- mechanisms of accountability to affected people.
An operational peer review is not a real-time evaluation, and it is not meant to measure results or the impact of the response. It is meant to be a light, brief process intended as a “course corrector” for the particular response being reviewed.