What data is collected in the MIRA?

The MIRA guides the systematic collection, organization and analysis of secondary and primary data. It informs and supports the design of subsequent needs assessments and analysis which are often more detailed and operational in focus.

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When do you use a MIRA in relation to the Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO)?

In a protracted crisis the consolidated analysis of the needs of affected people is presented in a Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) either instead of, or subsequent to, a MIRA.

The MIRA is also best applied to inform strategic-level decisions under tight deadlines.

When do you use a Flash Appeal?

A Flash Appeal is issued three-five days after a sudden-onset emergency and if/when the HC and HCT determine a need in protracted or slow onset crises facing a significant and unforeseen ‘spike’ in needs or a change in the context, with the emphasis being on timeliness.