What should my expectations be in terms of references to my agency and NGOs in general within OCHA sit reps and other external response documents?

Operational NGOs should be referenced as implementers within sit reps and other external response documents except under circumstances where it may put implementers or beneficiaries at risk.

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Is there a formal IASC mechanism to evaluate a humanitarian response?

Yes. An Inter-Agency Humanitarian Evaluation (IAHE) occurs within months 9-12 of a L3 declaration and for non-L3s at the specific request of the HC/HCT or other primary stakeholders.[1]

An inter-agency humanitarian evaluation is an independent assessment of results of the collective humanitarian response by member organizations of the IASC to a specific crisis. IAHEs evaluate the extent to which planned collective results have been achieved and how humanitarian reform efforts have contributed to that achievement.

For more information please see the IAHE guidelines.

The IAHE does not replace an individual agency’s own evaluation of their response to a crisis. Additionally, research and advocacy institutions may send evaluation teams looking at a specific issue.

[1] Please see page 18 of the Humanitarian Programme Cycle reference cycle version 2.0, pending finalization.

What is an ‘L3’ activation?

It is a mechanism developed as part of the Transformative Agenda (TA) to mobilise adequate means from within the whole of the humanitarian system to respond collectively to a major humanitarian crisis.

It is an exceptional measure designed for exceptional circumstances. The L3 activation supports the activation of specific measures to ensure that the appropriate humanitarian architecture is in place to manage the response. It represents a statement of priority among global crises.

For more information go to: www.humanitarianinfo.org/iasc/downloadDoc.aspx?docID=6459

How are NGOs accountable within the humanitarian architecture?

NGOs have a range of accountabilities within the humanitarian architecture.

At the country level NGOs should:

  • Understand the humanitarian architecture in both theory as well as local practice.
  • Take the time to share major humanitarian decisions and discuss the strategic objectives of the response with partners and local community leaders.
  • Be engaged, pro-active and strategic in your interactions with the NGO consortia (if it exists) clusters, OCHA and the Humanitarian Country Team.
  • Devote time/human resources to co-lead a cluster at the national or sub-national level.
  • Utilize and contribute to collective resources such as humanitarianresponse.info

At the global level NGOs should:

  • Understand the humanitarian architecture in both theory as well as function in the country programs within your purview.
  • Bring field realities to policy discussions via the IASC task teams, reference groups, research institutes and the global NGO consortia.

Who is an HCT accountable to?

HCTs have a wide range of accountabilities. Please note that this is not reflective of reporting lines but general responsibility and good practice to communicate and be consultative.

At the country level to:

  • Affected populations
  • Host government
  • Constituencies including cluster members, partners, NGOs that do not directly attend the HCT.

At the global level to:

  • Agency headquarters
  • IASC Emergency Directors