Is early recovery a cluster or a cross cutting theme?

Early Recovery is defined as recovery that begins early in a humanitarian setting.  It is a multi-dimensional process, guided by development principles. It aims to generate self-sustaining nationally owned and resilient processes for post-crisis recovery.  Early recovery encompasses the restoration of basic services, livelihoods, shelter, governance, security and the rule of law, environment and social dimensions, including the reintegration of displaced populations. It stabilizes human security and addresses underlying risks that contributed to the crisis.[1]

Early Recovery (ER) should be integrated into the activities of all active clusters.  Early recovery is everyone’s responsibility. Please see page 7 in the Reference Module for Cluster Coordination at Country Level.

ER can be a cluster if certain programmatic needs are not addressed in the normal cluster architecture. For instance there may be the need to establish a new cluster to better support an aspect of early recovery such as livelihoods.  In this case, the appropriate cluster lead agency could recommend to the HCT that a specific cluster be activated, potentially for a limited period of time.  Naturally, there is a desire not to duplicate activities, so careful analysis will occur in advance.[2]


[2] Please see the IASC paper, Implementing Early Recovery as a Foundation for building resilience in humanitarian settings, November 2013.