When do you use a MIRA in relation to the Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO)?

In a protracted crisis the consolidated analysis of the needs of affected people is presented in a Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) either instead of, or subsequent to, a MIRA.

The MIRA is also best applied to inform strategic-level decisions under tight deadlines.


When do you use a Flash Appeal?

A Flash Appeal is issued three-five days after a sudden-onset emergency and if/when the HC and HCT determine a need in protracted or slow onset crises facing a significant and unforeseen ‘spike’ in needs or a change in the context, with the emphasis being on timeliness.

What is the planning/document/product sequencing in a protracted crisis situation?

Every Humanitarian Country Team will develop a planning calendar suited to their needs. The planning timeframe is flexible and can start at any point in the year.

In general by September a Humanitarian Needs Overview is developed. This then informs the development of the Humanitarian Response Plan (November but as agreed by the HCT). The Global Appeal is launched in December.

The frequency of response monitoring and reporting is determined by the HCT as well but the guidance recommends response monitoring and reporting on a quarterly basis, which should be used to adjust planning documents as necessary.

What is an Operational Peer Review (OPR )?

The Operational Peer Review (OPR)[1] is an internal, inter-agency management tool utilized within 90 days of the declaration of a level 3 emergency. It is forward looking, helping Humanitarian Coordinators (HCs) and Humanitarian Country Teams (HCTs) determine whether they need to adjust or improve the collective humanitarian response in order to meet its objectives or reduce gaps. Generally, the review focuses on four areas:

  1. leadership arrangements;
  2. implementation of the other elements of the humanitarian programme cycle, namely coordinated assessments, strategic response planning, resource mobilization, implementation and monitoring;
  3. coordination mechanisms;
  4. mechanisms of accountability to affected people.

An operational peer review is not a real-time evaluation, and it is not meant to measure results or the impact of the response. It is meant to be a light, brief process intended as a “course corrector” for the particular response being reviewed.